1. World Cup 2018: Colombia players who missed penalties against England receive death threats from angry fans, Matt Roper, Independent, 5 July 2018
  2. Chelsea ace Tammy Abraham receives death threats and is racially abused after penalty shootout miss against Liverpool, Jack Figgs, The Sun, 316 August 2019
  3. Racist abuse of England players Marcus Rashford, Jadon Sancho & Bukayo Saka 'unforgivable', BBC, 12 July 2021
  4. Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics, Ignacio Palacios-Huerta, Princeton University Press, 2014
  5. Psychological Pressure in Competitive Environments: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment, Jose Apesteguia and Ignacio Palacios-Huerta, American Economic Review 100: 2548–2564, December 2010
  6. He Always Puts it to the Right, Clark Miller, Orion Books Ltd, 1999
  7. Penalties will put World Cup players on the spot, Steve Slater,, 27 May 2010
  8. Twelve Yards: The Art and Psychology of the Perfect Penalty, Ben Lyttleton, Bantam Press, 2014
  9. Lie back and think of Europe, AS Byatt, The Observer, 29 June 2008
  10. The Joy of Six: Short-lived football rule changes, Paul Doyle and Nick Miller,, 25 September 2015
  11. Once In a Lifetime: The Extraordinary Story of The New York Cosmos, Paul Crowder and John Dower, Passion Pictures/Cactus Three/ESPN Original Entertainment/Greene Street Films, 2006
  12. Shootout banned; TV lineup changed, teleconference by Don Garber, CNN, 18 November 1999
  13. Rock 'n' Roll Soccer: The Short Life and Fast Times of the North American Soccer League, Ian Plenderleith, Icon Books, 2014
  14. Keys to the match: In tennis, is it an advantage to serve first?, Kenneth Jensen, IBM Big Data and Analytics Hub, 16 January 2014
  15. The Football Association Medical Research Programme: an audit of injuries in professional football: analysis of hamstring injuries, C Woods, R D Hawkins, S Maltby, M Hulse, A Thomas, A Hodson, British Journal of Sports Medicine 2004; 38:36–41
  16. The Football Association Medical Research Programme: an audit of injuries in professional football: an analysis of ankle sprains, C Woods, R Hawkins, M Hulse, A Hodson, British Journal of Sports Medicine 2003; 37:233–238
  17. Thermoregulatory observations in soccer match play: professional and recreational level applications using an intestinal pill system to measure core temperature, A M Edwards, N A Clark, British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;40:133–138
  18. The Question: is the away-goals rule counterproductive?, Jonathan Wilson,, 13 March 2013
  19. Should the Away Goals Rule be Scrapped?, Johnathan Fadugba, Four Four Two Magazine, UK, 22 April 2015
  20. A History of the Laws of Association Football, Sir Stanley Rous and Donald Ford, FIFA, 1974
  21. Sudden Death Romance, Les Murray,, 28 February 2014 (updated)
  22. How to improve the World Cup? Scrap penalties and move the goalposts, Simon Jenkins, The Guardian, 4 July 2018
  23. Soccer: Blatter against shootout in final, author not cited, The New York Times, 27 September 2006
  24. The art of taking a penalty, Chris Wyatt,, BBC Sport, 5 June 2008
  25. In World Cup, penalty shootouts kick up controversy, Kevin Baxter, The Los Angeles Times, 9 July 2010
  26. Peter Shilton: "I wanted to be a goalkeeper from the moment someone put two coats down in the playground",, 8 June 2006
  27. There Must Be A Better Way Than Penalty-kick System, The Philadelphia Inquirer, 24 June 1986
  28. Argentina's Maradona too much for England, Barry Wilner, The Deseret News, 23 June 1986
  29. The joy of six: inspired tactical switches,, 10 July 2007
  30. Mental approach holds key to penalty success, Mitch Phillips, Reuters, 25 June 2008
  31. 'Wayne should not be vilified' - Beckham, Herman Miller, The Guardian, 2 July 2006
  32. Father of shoot-outs puts Swiss, English on spot, Mike Atkins, The Times of Malta, 6 July 2006
  33. For Soccer to Win American Hearts, It Must Create Some Heroes, Ian Thomsen, NY Times, 20 July 1994
Baggio misses the decisive penalty kick at the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

"It affected me for years. It is the worst moment of my career.
I still dream about it. If I could erase a moment, it would be that one."

Roberto Baggio
Former Italian Player