ATTACKER DEFENDER GOALKEEPER

Attacker Defender Goalkeeper (ADG) is an alternative to the penalty shootout.* ADG features a series of ten contests where an attacker has 30 seconds to score a goal against a defender and a goalkeeper. At the completion of the contests, the team with the most goals is the winner.

The advantages of ADG include:

  1. All players compete
  2. Showcases skill and athleticism
  3. Positive natured competition
  4. Strategy is vital
  5. Promotes attacking play
  6. Promotes fair play

You can read a brief explanation of ADG, or download the full pdf document. Donations are available for clubs who participate in ADG testing. Please email for more information.

The last two Copa America finals have gone to penalties without a single goal being scored in either match. After leading his team to the 2016 final, Lionel Messi missed his penalty kick in the shootout and Argentina were defeated. Moments later he announced his retirement from international matches. Football is the only the sport in the world that has managed to design and implement a tie-breaker that delights in crucifying its heroes. Let's all hope Messi doesn't suffer from the long-term psychological trauma other players have experienced.

The penalty shootout is also an inherently unfair tie-breaker with the team kicking first having a greater than 60% chance of winning.2 Nine consecutive penalty shootouts were won by the team kicking first at the FIFA World Cup during a period from Japan/Korea 2002 to Brazil 2014.

ADG is about the promotion and preservation of the beauty of the game. And what's better for the game – a player converting a penalty kick to win a major competition, or the same player at full speed, swerving past a defender and bending the ball into the net? But ADG isn't just about the attacking players, it also gives defenders and goalkeepers equal opportunity to shine.

Quite simply, what ADG will deliver is spectacular and exhilarating goals. It's due to the skill and grace of movement of the world's great players that football is the "beautiful game" and the reason why it's the most popular sport on earth. The beauty of ADG is it combines the skill and athleticism of modern football with the inherent drama and tension of the shootout.

* While Kicks from the penalty mark is the official name, this website will use - penalty shootout. And penalty kick shootout, penalties or just shootout, will be used interchangeably.


"Penalties are awful, unfair, but what else is there?"

Laurent Blanc
Former French Player